Terms Used in Aviation

The following table provides a list of the most frequently used terms in Aviation Management −
S.NoTerm & Meaning
1
AAI
Airport Authority of India. Equivalent FAA in US and CAA in UK.
2
Airport
A place where aircrafts take-off, land, and are maintained with facilities for passengers.
3
Aerodrome
An area of land or water; including buildings, installations and equipment designated, wholly or partially for the arrival, movement, or departure of aircrafts.
4
Airspace
The air available for the aircraft to fly in over a country or a sea.
5
Airliner
Any aircraft type which was designed and built specifically for airline use or which has entered service with airlines in significant numbers.
6
ANSP
Air Navigation Service Provider. A legal public or private entity that provides navigation services.
7
Prohibited area
An area within the territory specified by the Authority where flying is prohibited.
8
Restricted area
An area within the territory specified by the Authority where flying is subject to certain restrictions.
9
Dangerous area
An area within the territory specified by the Authority where activities dangerous to aviation may exist at specified times.
10
A codeshare agreement
It is an aviation business arrangement where two or more airlines share the same flight.
11
The airport ramp or apron
It is a part of an airport where aircrafts are parked, unloaded or loaded, refueled, or boarded. The use of the apron is covered by regulations, such as lighting on vehicles.
12
Aircraft Cabin
It is that section of the aircraft where passengers are seated.
13
IATA
International Air Transport Association. It is a trade association for the world’s airlines, representing about 260+ airlines and 83% of the total air traffic. It supports many areas of aviation activity and helps to form policies on critical aviation issues.
14
RESA
Runway End Safety Areas.
15
Runway
There are three types of runways — Parallel, Near-Parallel, and Intersecting.
16
Runway incursion or Runway excursion
A runway incursion is an incident where an unauthorized aircraft, a vehicle, or a person is on a runway. A runway excursion is overrun of an aircraft from the runway.
17
Slot
It is a pre-agreed time for a takeoff or landing to take place at a particular airport.
18
NLA
New Large Aircraft
19
Airline Hub
It is an airport that serves as a central connecting point through which many flights of a particular airline are routed.
20
Airfield
It is an area of land set aside for the take-off, landing, and maintenance of aircraft.
21
Terminal
It is a place at the airport from where a traveler boards the aircraft for journey.
22
ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organization. It is a UN-specialized agency established by United States to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).
23
Aircraft Movement
Take-off or landing of an aircraft.

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